API 610 Pumps for Hydrocarbon Processing and Handling
- Model PWH - API 610 type OH2 centerline-mounted single-stage overhung end suction, top discharge pump
- Model PW-11 - API 610 type OH2 power frame upgrade kit for all OEM pump brands
- Model PWV - API 610 type VS6 (can/barrel) & type VS1 (open sump) vertically-suspended multistage vertical turbine pump
- Model PWM - API 610 type BB3 axially-split multistage between bearing side-suction, side-discharge pump
- Pump Test Facilities - designed to provide performance and NPSH tests in accordance with the latest edition of API 610 and Hydraulic Institute guidelines
- Liquid Gas &
- Pipeline &
- Enhanced Oil
Petroleum Refining – What does it do?
The main function of a petroleum refinery is to convert crude oil (feedstock) into commercial transportation products, such as gasoline and diesel fuel by means of distillation (separating components by boiling points) and chemical reactions resulting in the production of varies valuable fuels and lubricants and also, producing the feedstock for other downstream processes.
The basic components of a refinery is the primary distillation process, where crude oil is distilled into a number of fractions, from the lightest petroleum gases, to light and heavy naphtha, to diesel fuel and gasoline and the heaviest fractions up to asphalt and resid. The fractions from the distillation units are then treated in other processes for upgrading to usable commercially viable products. The configuration of a refinery depends on the range of crude quality (feedstock) that it is able to handle and on the final product mix it is designed for.
Generally, a oil field is mixed with associated gases, produced water and contaminants, such as hydrogen sulfide. In a treatment plant, these gases, water and contaminants are separated from the oil. The separated oil is then stored and ready for shipment via pipeline, tanker or truck.
The separated gases from the oil or the natural gas produced by a gas field is collected in the gas plant, where it is dehydrated and processed to recover the heavy fractions and to remove the sulphur compounds. The treated gas can then be transported via pipeline, forwarded to a LNG facility, used locally or as feedstock for petrochemical processes.
In a oil processing plant, the crude oil is sent through a gas/oil separation process where its pressure is reduced in stages. In each decompression stage, the existing gas is separated until the pressure is finally reduced to nearly zero. The crude oil is then sent to a stabilizer column where it is heated, separating the hydrogen sulfide and light hydrocarbons and then cooled and stored.
In the gas plant, the raw natural gas is dehydrated and processed through acid gas removal, molecular sieves and chilling units to remove hydrogen sulfide. Natural Gas Liquids (NGL) and Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) are typically ethane, propane, butane, isobutane or pentane, have a higher value than the natural gas and sold as feedstock for petrochemical processes.
Petrochemical – What does it do?
The main function of a petrochemical plant is generally to convert natural gas or petroleum liquids (feedstock) into fertilizers and/or other intermediate and final products, such as olefins, adhesives, detergents, solvents, rubber and elastomers, films and fibers, polymers, resins and other products. Petrochemical plants have an infinite variety of configurations depending on the produced products. Some of the main categories are:
- Ethylene Plants
- Fertilizer Plants
- Methanol Plants and Other Alcohols
- Plastic Production Plants
- Other Plants like Acetylene, Butadiene, Sulfuric Acid, Nitric Acid, Chlorine and Ethylene Glycol
Offshore Platforms – What does it do?
The fastest growing segment of oil and gas production is being created from offshore fields. Advances in technology now permit oil and gas production in very deep offshore waters to marginal fields. The offshore platform technologies are evolving from fixed structures suited for shallow waters, to Semi-Submersible platforms (TLP, SPAR), to Floating Production Units (FPU, FPSO). These latter facilities most common for deep water and marginal fields reduce project lead-time, have higher performance flexibility, and can move from a depleted field to new fields.
Offshore production platforms collect the hydrocarbons produced under the seabed. Power generation, compression and pumping equipment are installed on the platform. The machinery is used to collect the hydrocarbons (oil and gas) and convey them to onshore receiving facilities.
Pipeline & Terminal Transmission – What does it do?
Pipelines are used to transport oil and gas from the production fields to the export loading terminals or to a processing plant such as a petroleum refinery. Pump boosting stations are required along the pipeline at varying locations to compensate for the pipe friction line losses and elevation changes to ensure constant flow of the liquid.
In a boosting station, one or more high-capacity single- or multistage-pumps are installed to boost the product down the pipeline.
Aviation fuel is a specialized type of petroleum based fuel used to power aircraft. It is generally of a higher quality than fuels used in less critical applications, such as heating or road transport, and often contains additives to reduce the risk of icing or explosion due to high temperatures, amongst other properties. The most common fuels are Jet A and Jet A-1, which are produced to an internationally standardized set of specifications.
Renewable Fuels (Biodesiel) – What does it do?
Biodiesel is meant to be used in standard diesel engines and is, thus, distinct from the vegetable and waste oils used to fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used alone or blended with petrodiesel.
Biodiesel is the name of a clean burning alternative fuel produced from domestic, renewable resources. Biodiesel contains no petroleum, but it can be blended at any level with petroleum diesel to create a biodiesel blend. It can be used in compression-ignition (diesel) engines with little or no modifications.
Biodiesel is simple to use, biodegradable, nontoxic and essentially free of sulfur and aromatics. Biodiesel is made through a chemical process called transesterification, whereby the glycerin is separated from the fat or vegetable oil. The process leaves behind two products -- methyl esters (the chemical name for biodiesel) and glycerin (a valuable byproduct usually sold to be used in soaps and other products).
Re-injection is a process used for enhancing oil recovery by compensating for the natural decline of an oil field production with an increase in the pressure of a reservoir, typically, by injecting a liquid or gas into the reservoir in dedicated wells and forces the oil to migrate towards produced wells. With this process, a company can restore the level of desired production and stimulate the recovery of additional crude oil.